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Bougainvillea (genus Bougainvillea), a genus of about 18 species of shrubs, vines, or small trees, belonging to the Nyctaginaceae family., It is a native to South America. Many species are thorny. Only the woody vines have attained wide popularity. Several species have produced bright cultivated varieties, which are often grown indoors and in conservatories.

The vine species grow anywhere from 1 to 12 m (3 to 40 ft.) tall. They scramble over other plants with their spiky thorns. Bougainvilleas are evergreen and grow well where rainfall occurs all year or deciduous and dry areas. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white. But each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colours associated with the plant. The colour including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow.

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  • Bougainvillea is commonly known as “paper flower”.
  • It is a thorned ornamental vine, bush and trees.
  • The flowers resemble spring leaves near the actual flowers.
  • Colour ranges from white to dark pink.
  • They are a pest-free plant.
  • They may occasionally suffer from worms, snails or aphids.
  • Bougainvilleas need support to cover like a wall, fence or any other area.
  • Little care is needed to adjust their branches behind the support areas.
  • These tropical climbers are mostly suited for large containers or garden during summers.
  • Should be kept frost-free.
  • Requires well-drained and fertile soils to flourish.
  • Mature plants can be high fertiliser feeders.
  • High phosphorus with micronutrient-rich slow releasing fertilisers would be favourable

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